FAQs about Water Wells

At Partridge Well, we understand that installing a well can be an unfamiliar process.  So we have assembled a list of frequently asked questions and some common misconceptions about water wells.

FAQ for Water Wells

Q: How much room is required to drill my well?

Typical well drilling set up.

A:  Imagine a 30ft truck that is 8ft wide and is towing a 30ft boat that is 8ft wide, the well is drilled where the trailer hitch would be.  Additional room is required on both sides of the rig and water truck for the access and for the drilling process.

Q: How long does it take to drill a well?

A: Well drilling completion times vary from a half day to three days or longer.  Drilling time is affected by many factors including time to set up, difficult drilling formations and weather.  All of these factors vary from site to site and well to well.  These are also factors that we have no control over.  In addition, the time it takes to develop each well is different.  Because of these variables there is no way for us to give a fixed time for well completion.

Q: I have city water. Can I drill a well?

A: Yes. Partridge Well drills hundreds of wells a year for customers who are connected to city water.

Q: Can I drill an Artesian or Floridan Aquifer well?

Q: Yes. Artesian and Floridan Aquifer wells are permitted in your area. They can be drilled for several different purposes(home use, geothermal, irrigation, etc.). PWD drills many Floridan Aquifer wells and keeps a record of each one. Call our office for more information on Floridan Aquifer wells in your area.

Q: Will my well free flow like a spring out of the ground?

 

A: It depends. Wells that are drilled into a confined aquifer access water that is under pressure.  This pressure forces the water in the well to rise. The water may flow out at the surface, but not always. It depends on the well location and its surface elevation. If the well naturally free flows above land surface, it then meets the definition of an artesian well.
Flowing well

Q: What if we don’t find water?

A: Florida is fortunate to have one of the most porductive aquifers in the world, the Floridan Aquifer. When drilling a Floridan Aquifer well, PWD can guarantee the quantity of water the well will produce.

Pumping a 100ft. rock well

Unlike Floridan Aquifer wells, shallower wells access aquifers that have unpredictable characteristics. PWD will guarantee a minimum of 10 gallons per minute from wells other than Floridan Aquifer wells.

Q: What wells are available in my area?

A snapshot of the wells PWD has drilled in the last 10 years.

A: PWD has over 100 years of records of wells drilled in Northeast Florida. With your property address, we consult our records to see what wells are availble in your area.Floridan Aquifer wells are availble in all areas of Notheast Florida.

Q: Can I use well water to fill my pool?

A: Yes. Our wells can be used to fill your swimming pool. We would recommend drilling a Floridan Aquifer well to ensure the water quality.

Q: Do I need a permit?

A: Yes. All wells in the state of Florida require a permit. PWD will take care of the permit process for you.

Q: Can I get a permit to drill a Floridan Aquifer(artesian well)?

A: YES! Partridge Well has obtains permits for Floridan Aquifer wells on a regular basis from many counties.

Q: Can I get a well that will not stain my driveway or home?

A: It is avoidable.

Not all wells contain the staining mineral iron. Floridan Aquifer wells and Intermediate Salt & Pepper wells(if available) can be drilled to avoid any iron staining. Iron can sometimes be present in Rock, Gravel Pack, and Shallow wells.IMG_4383  We do not recommend treating irrigation water for iron. If iron staining is a concern, we recommend drilling a Floridan Aquifer or Intermediate well.

Q: Why do you have to dig pits in my yard?

Sediment Pits

A:  Part of the drilling process includes removing cuttings from the borehole we drill during well construction.  To contain & dispose of the cuttings we usually dig two pits beside the drilling rig.  These pits vary in size based on well size & depth.  Generally they are +/- 3ft wide x 6ft long x 4ft deep.  Drilling fluid is circulated through the pits where the cuttings settle out and the drilling fluid is reused.  We will cover the pits when the well is complete.  The cuttings are natural material that was drilled out of the earth.  For a period of time the covered pits will be soft.  In time they will firm up and you will not know they were there.

Option:

Above ground tubs

Above ground tubs

If you do not want pits dug in your yard there is a solution.  We can use portable above grade pits instead of digging the pits.  When we use the above ground pits we also bring a vacuum tank to remove all of the drill cuttings and fluid from your yard.  This does require an additional crew member, an additional truck, the vacuum tank to dispose of fluid and drill cuttings off site, therefore there is a charge for this service.  We will be glad to price this service for you upon request.

Q: Can I drink the water from an irrigation well?

A: Yes, as long as the well meets the domestic well setback required of 75 ft from a sanitary hazard.

Q: How far from a city easement or property line does my well have to be?

A: There is no required setback from an easement or a property line, however it should not be placed on either of them. If the well is being used for home or domestic use, the well will have to be placed no closer than 75ft. from a septic system. If a well is drilled for irrigation purposes, then it must be a minimum of 50ft. from a septic system.

Q: Do wells go dry?

A: Partridge Well drills wells that penetrate a confined aquifer. This means that our wells are not directly dependent on rainfall.  The water level may rise and fall in these wells, but they do not go dry.

Q: Would my irrigation or domestic well supply me water in cases of a disaster when there is no city water available?

Pitcher pump

Pitcher pump

A: Yes. We have many customers who choose to drill a well for back up for their city water. These wells can have many uses, such as irrigation.

In cases where the power is lost or is not available and a pump is required to pull the water out of the well, PWD can install a pitcher pump or hand pump(pictured to the right) to access the water without power.

Q: Will a well stain my house and driveway?

It is avoidable.

Not all wells contain the staining mineral iron. Floridan Aquifer wells and Intermediate Salt & Pepper wells(if available) can be drilled to avoid any iron staining. Iron can sometimes be present in Rock, Gravel Pack, and Shallow wells.IMG_4383  We do not recommend treating irrigation water for iron. If iron staining is a concern, we recommend drilling a Floridan Aquifer or Intermediate well.

Q:Why are intermediate wells often called “Salt & Pepper” wells

“Salt & Pepper” sand

A:  “Salt & Pepper” wells, or  Intermediate wells are normally 3″ or 4″ in diameter and are drilled to depths of 220-320 feet. At this depth water is withdrawn from a aquifer that consist of clays and sands that resemble salt & pepper.

Q: Will there be drill mud and stuff left in my yard after the well is drilled?

Drill mud

Drilling mud

A: It is your choice.  We have to mix a drilling mud for the drilling process and dispose of it when we are finished  The mud(shown in this picture to the right) is composed of water, sand, and clay. Typically we pump this mud onto the property where the well is drilled. However, we do offer an upgrade where we can use a special truck to contain the drill mud and remove it from your property.

Q: Does Partridge Well do the electrical hook up to pumps?

   A:  We are not licensed electricians therefore we do not do electrical work.  We do have recommendations for electritcians.